|Panchakarma - An Introduction|
Emphasis on Panchakarma treatments in Ayurveda
"Dosha Ksheena Brumhaitavya |
Kupitaha Prashamayitavya ||
Vrudda Nirharitavya |
Sama Paripalya ithi Siddantaha ||"
The treatments in Ayurveda has been broadly classified and dealt under three lines of management namely Shamana (Conservative / Paliative), Shodana (Purificatory) and Nidana Parivarjana (Preventive of positive factors). The treatment aims at tackling the doshas effectively to be brought to a state of equillibrium. The doshas that have diminished activity have to be nurtured, the hyper doshas have to be subdued, palliated and the aggraveated doshas have to be eliminated through purification procedure (Panchakarma) thus bringing them to normalacy. The normal doshas have to be protected through the toughtful application of Dinacharya (Daily Regemine), Ruthucharya (Seasonal Regemine), Sadvrutha (Good Conduct) and Rasayana Chikitsa to keep the diseases at bay.
Panchakarma to Whom?
a) Those who are interested to live longer without diseases and to attain moksha (god realization).
d) Panchakarma in Diseases.
Steps for Administering Panchakarma:
a. Poorva Karma:
1) Usage of warm water
3) Herbal powders/decoctions/special diet.
a) Internal: Usage of medicated ghee, medicated oils, along with the food.
b) External: Abhyanga(ayurvedic massage), seka and related procedures.
Different methods of fomentation, mainly bashpa sweda and nadisweda.
b. PRADANA KARMA:
In pradana karma the major purificatory procedures like
1. VAMANA KARMA (Therapeutic Emesis): This is the method used for the elimination of aggravated Kapha through the upper pathways by using special medicaments.
2. VIRECHANA KARMA:(Therapeutic Purgation): This is the method used for the elimination of aggravated pitta through the lower pathways by using special medicaments.
3. BASTHI KARMA(Therapeutic enema): This is the method used for the elimination of aggravated vata through the lower pathways by using special medicaments.
4. NASYA KARMA(Therapeutic nasal medication): This is the method used for the elimination of aggravated local doshas such as vata kapha and pitta through the nasal passage ;by using special medicaments.
5. RAKTA MOKSHANA( Therapeutic blood letting): This is the method used for the elimination of aggravated localized and general pitta and rakta on selected regions in the body.
DO’S AND DONTS AT THE TIME OF PANCHAKARMA:
"Usnodakopachari syadbrahmachari kshapashaya
BENEFITS OF PANCHAKARMA:
Abhyanga, the ayurvedic whole body massage with suitable medicated oil is beneficial for healthy individuals to stay healthy and for persons suffering from various ailments, especially vata disorders.
Abhyanga should be resorted to daily, as it wards off old age, exertion and aggravation of vata, bestows good vision , long life, nourishes the body, ensures good sleep and healthy skin.
|Bashpa sweda is a method of fomentation which relieves body stiffness & heaviness, improves body flexibility and is good for vata and kapha disorders.|
|Shiro abhyanga(massage to the scalp) helps prevent headache, hair loss, baldness and premature greying of hair. Besides leaving the hair lustrous and strong, it improves the sheen of facial skin and ensures a sense of well-being, balance and good sleep.|
|A therapy of pouring warm medicated oils in an even stream with simultaneous massage. It strengthens and tones all seven body tissues, improves vigour and vitality, improves the agni(digestive fire),body complexion and lusture & strengthens the indriyas.
Sarvangadhara a major rejuvenation technique can be done with medicated oils , herbal decoctions and milk, according to the individual's prakruthi (body constitution) and ailments.
|Patra Pinda Sweda (PPS)|
|This procedure is used to induce sweating after abhyanga. Several herbal ingredients are fried together, tied in a bolus dipped in hot medicated oil and rubbed all over the body. The special herbs used, draw the toxins from the body by activating the sweat glands. This is an excellent treatment for neurological disorders, arthritis and skin disorders.|
|Choorna Pinda Sweda (CPS)|
|A full body massage is complemented by a massage with chosen herbal powders tied in boluses. Useful in kapha disorders, obesity, skin ailments, joint disorders and to ward off unpleasant body odours.|
|It is a procedure of applying medicated herbal pastes, ghee or oil to the scalp. Shirolepa helps treat itching, dandruff, pustules and headaches. Useful in preventing hair loss and premature greying of hair.|
Shashtikashali Pinda Sweda (SSPS)
|A unique therapy of fomentation which is done after abhyanga using a preparation of a special type of rice. Useful in vatha and kapha disorders, paralysis, myalgia, neurological and neuromuscular disorders. A great rejuvenator it is also known to treat delayed growth in children.|
|It is a process of keeping the medicated ghee/herbal decoction in the eyes with the help of a dough dam.
Nethra tarpana helps remove fatigue of the eyes and treats disorders of vata and pitta. It ensures good vision and helpful in treating burning sensation, roughness and stiffness of the eyes, sub-conjunctival haemorrhage, inflammatory lesions of the eye, glaucoma, loss of secretion of lacrimal fluid and loss of eye-lashes. It is extremely beneficial for students and computer professionals.
|A unique technique of massaging the body with the feet by specially skilled therapists. Useful in vata disorders, wards off old age, eliminates exertion, bestows good vision, nourishes the body, ensures long life, good sleep and a healthy skin.|
|A time-tested remedy for psychosomatic disorders, shirodhara is a procedure, which involves the pouring of a continous & controlled stream of different medicated oils/butter milk/herbal decoctions over the forehead. It deeply relaxes and revitalizes all the sensory organs and the central nervous system. It stabilizes and calms the mind, improves strength, sense of taste, memory and aptitude. An excellent rejuvenator and aphrodisiac, it ensures good sleep, long life and a sweet voice.|
|A special procedure of bathing the scalp with warm medicated oils. Useful in insomnia, paralysis, bellspalsy, writer's syndrome, migraine headaches, dryness of the upper respiratory tract, dandruff and other diseases of the scalp and diminishing memory.|
|A procedure of anointing the scalp with herbal pastes/medicated ghee or oil and preserving it overnight is a treatment called Shiropichu. It prevents hair loss, reduces burning sensation over the scalp and is good for insomnia.|
|It is a procedure in which the low back is bathed with warm medicated oils, followed by sweda
It is safe and gives quick relief as it acts at the site of the lesion and pacifies vata. A series of these treatments are amazingly beneficial for low backaches, spondylitis and sciatica.
|This procedure done to the back of the neck by bathing with warm medicated oils followed by sweda is very effective in cervical spondylosis and frozen shoulders.|
|A procedure where in the cardiac region is bathed with warm medicated oils. This is especially rejuvenating for the organ of Heart. It strengthens the heart muscles and increases strength and vitality at a very essential level.|
|Also called chakra basthi, done at the umbilical region is very effective in digestive disorders and anxiety.|
|It is a unique procedure of massaging the lower legs and feet, emphasizing on foot reflexology. It is known to reduce stress and strain of the lower limbs and eyes. Also helpful in varicose veins.|
|A similar procedure to kati and greeva basthi, this therapy is done to the knee joints and is very effective for quick pain relief at the site. Indicated in Rheumatoid and osteo-arthritis.|
|A special procedure done using herbal decoctions on hot bricks. Very effective in calcaneal spur.|
|Mukhalepa, Pedicure, Manicure|
|Our specially designed herbal facial is effective in chronic acne, hyper pigmentation and sunburns. This prevents wrinkles and improves the skin tone. Also good for the eyes, the massage component in mukhalepa focuses on the marma points of the face, neck and shoulders, which reinvigorates the tissues, tones and refreshes the senses.
A total herbal approach to pedicure & Manicure can make one boast of a pair of beautiful feet and hands.